Every staircase is different. This stair parts configurator addresses most of the common staircase structures. If your staircase is different from what is presented below, try to select the staircase structure that most closely resembles the one in your home.
A staircase with no surrounding wall(s) is considered an opened staircase (not to be confounded with an opened stringer staircase). A staircase bounded by one wall or more is considered a closed staircase (not to be confounded with a closed stringer staircase).
The stringer consists of a structural piece of timber on which stair treads and risers are supported. An opened stringer implies the stair tread sits directly on the stringer and thus hides it. A closed stringer staircase implies the stair tread is inserted into a groove in the stringer. The top of the stringer is thus visible.
Replacing implies removing your existing stair treads and replacing them with new stair treads. Covering implies maintaining your existing stair treads and simply capping them, without modifying the original structure. Use existing implies maintaining your existing stair treads and changing your railing system.
Replacing implies removing your existing risers and replacing them with new risers. Covering implies maintaining your existing risers and simply capping them, without modifying the original structure. Use existing implies maintaining your existing risers and changing your railing system.
The number of steps represents the quantity of stair treads you will need. Therefore, the last/landing step should not be included in your count. Note: although the rendering only shows a minimum of 8 steps and a maximum of 14, your materials list will reflect the number of steps you entered.
The length of a stair tread equals the width of your staircase. For open staircase add 1.1/4" for nosing
The length of a baluster is measured from top to bottom when installed.
Overhanging implies your stair tread bullnose is projected beyond the stringer.
A landing railing is a retention barrier at the top of the staircase. The length is measured from the newel post to the wall.
A shoe rail runs horizontally along the railing, at the floor level, where the square bottom balusters are installed. If there is no shoe rail, balusters are installed directly on the staircase bullnose.
The stringer consists of a structural wooden piece on which stair treads and risers are supported. It can be painted or stained to match your stair treads and risers.
This option allows you to show the stringer above the steps. This is considered a closed stringer.
A newel post is a component of the staircase that stands at the foot, the top, and the landing of a staircase. Today's styles are unlimited. Whether your style is urban, traditional or contemporary, you can mix and match with various other components to create your own unique design. The only limit is your imagination.
The position of the newel post on the first stair tread will determine the use of baluster on this same step. If the newel post is installed on the front of the stair tread, one baluster is required; back of the stair tread, no balusters; floor, two balusters; notched, one baluster.
The handrail joining the wall at the landing can be fastened onto a half newel or simply a wall mount disc.
A handrail is a continuous railing that follows the outside of the staircase and landing area. It helps provide support and protection to a person climbing the stairs or walking onto the landing.
A shoe rail runs diagonally across the stringer of a closed stringer staircase, or horizontally along the landing railing. It is intended to accept square bottom balusters.
A stair tread is the horizontal piece on which you step to climb the stairs. It is supported by the stringers.
A riser is the vertical piece covering the space between two stair treads. It is supported by the stringers.
This option allows you not to show the top riser of your staircase. This would only apply if you have an open riser staircase where no risers are installed.